Second language levels
How is each level of a language called and how are they divided?
A1 level is the first one in terms of skills and basic knowledge of the language you are learning. In other words, you are able to communicate in everyday situations with frequently used expressions and using basic vocabulary.
If you are at an A1 level, you are able to:
- Comprehend and to use everyday expressions of common utilization, as well as simple phrases.
- Introduce yourself and others, to ask and to give basic personal information about your address, your belongings, and people you know.
- Understand with basic knowledge and skills if your listener speaks slow and clearly.
A2 is a level in which you already have some more basic notions of the language, thus, you already know how to communicate both in past and present tense.
If you are A2, you are able to:
- Understand phrases and common expressions (basic information about yourself and your family, how to buy things, places of interest, activities, etc.)
- Communicate when you do simple and everyday tasks; ie., constant basic exchanges of information.
- Describe in simple terms aspects of your past, your environment and your immediate needs.
B1 level means having a certain domain over the language. In other words, there exists a fluency in communication with native speakers without that much of an effort, unlike when you started to learn.
If you are B1, you are able to:
- Understand the key points of texts in standard language if they speak about topics you are familiar with (workplace, education or leisure situations, etc.)
- Manage, for the most part, in situations that occur where the language is spoken.
- Produce simple and coherent texts about interesting and familiar topics.
- Describe experiences, facts, wishes, and aspirations; justifying briefly your opinions and explaining plans.
At B2 level you can already communicate with fluency and confidence with native speakers. You know and handle diverse vocabulary and complex linguistic resources.
If you are B2, you are able to:
- Comprehend the main ideas of complex texts about topics both concrete and abstract. This includes technical texts as long as they are inside your field of knowledge.
- Interact with native speakers with a higher degree of fluency and ease.
- Create clear and detailed texts about a variety of topics.
- Present and argue a point of view about general topics; stating pros and cons of the different options.
C1 level means that you are already competent with the language, in other words, you are qualified to perform complex work and study tasks.
If you are C1, you are able to:
- Understand a great variety of lengthy and extensive texts.
- Utilize effortless fluency and spontaneity to find the adequate expression. Very few mistakes when you talk.
- Use the language for social, academic and/or professional objectives.
- Produce clear text that are well structured about topics that might demand certain thought and coherent complexity.
C2 is the highest level of learning a foreign/second language, in other words, you are qualified to perform complex work and study tasks.
If you are C2, you are able to:
- Comprehend practically everything that you hear and read with ease.
- Reorganize and present concise and coherent ideas about information and arguments from several sources.
- Express spontaneously, with great fluency and accuracy that will allow you to distinguish small differences in meaning, even in complex situations.